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Unlocking the Key to Movement: The Importance of Ankle Mobility & How to Improve Ankle Dorsiflexion

In the realm of physical therapy, we often emphasize the importance of mobility in maintaining a healthy and active lifestyle. While many focus on the larger joints like the hips or shoulders, we must not overlook the significance of ankle mobility, particularly ankle dorsiflexion. Ankle dorsiflexion is the upward movement of the foot towards the shin, and it plays a vital role in various activities such as walking, running, squatting, and even maintaining proper posture. For the month of June, we'll delve into the significance of ankle mobility and provide practical tips on how to improve ankle dorsiflexion for optimal movement and overall well-being.

Understanding the Importance of Ankle Mobility:

1. Enhanced Movement Efficiency: Adequate ankle dorsiflexion allows for a smoother and more efficient gait pattern. When the ankle lacks the necessary mobility, compensations occur, which can lead to altered biomechanics and potential injuries.

2. Injury Prevention: Insufficient ankle dorsiflexion can contribute to issues such as plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinitis, shin splints, and even knee and hip problems. By improving ankle mobility, we reduce the strain on surrounding structures and decrease the risk of these injuries.

3. Improved Balance and Stability: The ankle joint is crucial for maintaining balance and stability. Limited ankle mobility can hinder our ability to adapt to uneven surfaces, increasing the likelihood of ankle sprains or falls. Strengthening ankle dorsiflexion can help enhance proprioception and stability.

4. Proper Squatting Mechanics: Ankle dorsiflexion is a key factor in performing a deep squat with correct form. Insufficient mobility restricts the ability to keep the heels grounded while squatting, leading to compensatory movements and potential strain on the knees and lower back.

Tips to Improve Ankle Dorsiflexion:

1. Calf Stretches: Perform calf stretches by placing one foot forward, keeping the heel on the ground, and gently leaning forward until a stretch is felt in the calf muscle. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat on the other side. Perform this stretch multiple times a day.

2. Ankle Joint Mobilization: Utilize ankle joint mobilization techniques under the guidance of a physical therapist. These techniques involve moving the ankle joint through its full range of motion to improve flexibility and mobility.

3. Foam Rolling: Use a foam roller to massage and release tension in the calf muscles. Begin by sitting on the floor with the foam roller placed under the calves. Apply gentle pressure and roll back and forth along the length of the calf muscles.

4. Eccentric Calf Raises: Stand on a step or a raised surface with the balls of your feet on the edge. Slowly lower your heels below the surface of the step, feeling a stretch in your calves. Push up onto your toes and repeat for several repetitions. This exercise helps strengthen and lengthen the calf muscles.

5. Dynamic Ankle Mobility Exercises: Perform exercises that involve actively moving the ankle joint through its full range of motion, such as a banded ankle dorsiflexion mobilization like the one shown in the video below. This exercise helps improve joint mobility and flexibility.


Ankle mobility, particularly ankle dorsiflexion, is a fundamental aspect of movement and overall physical well-being. By prioritizing ankle mobility and incorporating exercises to improve ankle dorsiflexion into your routine, you can enhance performance, prevent injuries, and maintain optimal function.

At Evolv Physical Therapy & Performance, we're passionate about helping everyday athletes like you unleash their full potential. So, if you are still experiencing limitations or persistent issues, take that first step towards greatness by scheduling your FREE PHONE CONSULTATION with us today. We’ll provide a personalized plan tailored to your specific needs.

Don't let anything hold you back - This month, let’s embrace ankle mobility, unlock your movement potential, and step towards a healthier, more active life. Together, let's Evolv!


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